What Is A Splitting Axe?

12 minutes read

A splitting axe is a type of axe that is designed specifically for splitting logs and wood. It features a heavy head and a long handle, usually measuring around 28 to 36 inches, providing leverage and power during the splitting process. The head of a splitting axe is wider and thicker than that of a chopping axe, typically weighing around 4 to 5 pounds.


The main purpose of a splitting axe is to split wood along the grain, making it easier to use for various purposes such as fuel for fireplaces, stoves, or campfires. The wider head of the splitting axe helps to create a wedge effect, driving the wood apart when struck with force, while its weight allows for greater impact and efficiency.


Splitting axes typically have a convex or wedge-shaped head, specifically designed to penetrate the wood and split it apart. The edge of the axe head is also slightly wider than that of a chopping axe, which prevents it from getting embedded in the wood and facilitates easy removal after striking.


The long handle of a splitting axe provides increased leverage, making it easier to generate force when swinging the axe and striking the wood. It also allows for a two-handed grip, providing better control during the splitting process. The handle is usually made of wood, such as hickory or ash, or sometimes fiberglass or other composite materials for added strength and durability.


Splitting axes are commonly used by homeowners, campers, and professional woodcutters to process firewood or prepare logs for various purposes. They are essential tools for anyone who requires a reliable and efficient method of splitting logs into manageable pieces.

Best Splitting Axe in April 2024

1
1844 Helko Werk Germany Traditional Spaltaxt - German Splitting Axe, Made in Germany Wood Splitter and Wood Splitting Axe Midsize Medium Splitting Axe - Head 4.5 lbs, Handle 28 in. (Spaltaxt) #13582

Rating is 5 out of 5

1844 Helko Werk Germany Traditional Spaltaxt - German Splitting Axe, Made in Germany Wood Splitter and Wood Splitting Axe Midsize Medium Splitting Axe - Head 4.5 lbs, Handle 28 in. (Spaltaxt) #13582

  • Handmade in Germany: The Spaltaxt is a German-style splitter suited for splitting rounds and heavy firewood. The dual wedge head design delivers powerful, effective strikes that increase splitting efficiency and prevent the head from becoming stuck or pinched in logs. The Spaltaxt’s mid-weight 4 ½ pound head and comfortable 28 inch handle keep the wielder fresh during long sessions. This axe handily outperforms others in its class, and stands up well against much heavier tools.
  • C50 High Carbon Steel: 53-56 HRC - Helko Werk axe heads are open-face drop forged individually by hand from German C50 high grade carbon steel. Drop forging is a process in which the blacksmith uses tongs to hold and shape hot steel as a drop hammer falls repeatedly onto it.
  • Grade A American Hickory Handle: Linseed Oil Finish, 150 Grit Sanded Sustainably sourced grade A American hickory handle. All Helko Werk camping axes and hatchets have handles individually hand finished and selected for grain orientation and density with a boiled linseed oil finish and sanded to 150 grit for a comfortable and smooth finish on your axe handle
  • Includes Full Grain Leather Sheath and 1 oz Bottle of Axe Guard Protective Oil: All Helko Werk axes and hatchets include a vegetable-tanned premium leather axe sheath to protect your axe blade and head. The Axe Guard oil is a metal protecting oil to help maintain the steel of your axe head, and prevent rust over time.
  • Dimensions: Head Weight: 4-1/2 lb, Length: 28 in, Total Weight: 5-3/4 lb
2
Council Tool 5 lbs. SB Splitting Axe; 36 in. Straight Wooden Handle

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Council Tool 5 lbs. SB Splitting Axe; 36 in. Straight Wooden Handle

3
Fiskars X27 Super Splitting Axe - Wood Splitter for Medium to Large Size Logs with 36" Shock-Absorbing Handle - Black

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Fiskars X27 Super Splitting Axe - Wood Splitter for Medium to Large Size Logs with 36" Shock-Absorbing Handle - Black

  • MULTI-USE AXE: Sharp blade axe is an ideal wood chopper designed for firewood, yard work, and lawn cleanup, with maximum efficiency for more one-strike splits; Perfect for medium to large size logs
  • EFFICIENT AND COMFORTABLE USE: Shock-absorbing handle with textured non-slip grip reduces hand strain, improves control, and prevents overstrike damage; 36" handle is ideal for taller users
  • LONG-LASTING AND RELIABLE: Hardened forged steel blade stays sharper longer than traditional axes and advanced bevel convex design splits efficiently and makes the blade easier to remove from wood; Provides excellent durability and lasting value
  • QUALITY OUTDOOR TOOLS: Designed to help you embrace the outdoors, Fiskars axes and hatchets are equipped with smart technologies and award-winning, ergonomic features that make it easier and more enjoyable to tackle outdoor tasks
  • INCLUDES: 1 Fiskars Super Splitting Axe with protective sheath; Backed by a lifetime warranty
4
KURUI Wood Splitting Axe and Hatchet Set, 15” Camping Hatchet & 34” Chopping Axe for Cutting and Felling, Long Handle Splitter Axe with Shock-Absorbent Fiber Glass Anti-Slip Handle and Blade Sheath

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

KURUI Wood Splitting Axe and Hatchet Set, 15” Camping Hatchet & 34” Chopping Axe for Cutting and Felling, Long Handle Splitter Axe with Shock-Absorbent Fiber Glass Anti-Slip Handle and Blade Sheath

  • MATERIAL WITH HIGH STRENGTH – Our splitting axe consists of a strong helve made of high-quality fiber glass material, which can effectively reduce the vibration while splitting wood, and a durable and high-strength axe head made of hardened carbon steel, which stays sharp longer that traditional axes. This durable 34" camp axes and 14" hatchets is built for a better using experience.
  • ERGONOMIC DESIGN – The handle of KURUI splitting axe tool is covered with flexible TPR material for a better shock absorbing result. the black TPR handle is also of excellent resistance to slipping. The ergonomically designed proportion of the head and handle offers ultimate using comfort.
  • EASY USE – When you receive this camping axe, you will find that it has already been sharpened, so you can directly use it for chopping wood easily; when you need to sharpen it, just use a sharpening stone and grind on the blade lightly.
  • GREAT HELPER FOR LOG & FIREWOOD – KURUI camping axes & hatchets makes it easy for you to deal with solid wood, kindling, stems and twigs with high efficiency, serving as your ideal and reliable companion for gardening, camping, surviving, hiking, split wood and all other outdoor activities.
  • WHAT YOU GET – You will receive 1 34-inch axe, 1 15-inch camping hatchet. Each outdoor splitting axe comes with our 1-month free refund & replacement warranty to ensure your shopping satisfaction and worry-free service for you!
5
MLTOOLS Splitting Axe X28A - Camping Axe with Fiberglass Ergonomic Handle, High Carbon Steel Head - Torque & Weatherproof Survival Axes and Hatchets - Non-Slip Grip - Protection Guard & Lock - 28”

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

MLTOOLS Splitting Axe X28A - Camping Axe with Fiberglass Ergonomic Handle, High Carbon Steel Head - Torque & Weatherproof Survival Axes and Hatchets - Non-Slip Grip - Protection Guard & Lock - 28”

  • Chop With Efficiency - Chop and split wood with unparalleled efficiency using our survival axe or survival hatchet! They come in handy when you go hiking, camping, or tend to your garden at home.
  • Tough & Aggressive - The non-detachable heads of each camp axe or camp hatchet stay on the handles no matter the force. They’re made of high carbon steel - perfect for aggressive cutting angles.
  • Non-Slip Handle - Swing with confidence thanks to the top-grade fiberglass handles. Our camping axes & hatchets are shock-absorbent and helps reduce strain even as you keep a tight grip for hours.
  • Long-Lasting Tools - Make room in your shed for an axe for wood splitting that will last you years. These tools are built for the outdoors and can withstand high levels of torque and extreme weather.
  • Easy Carrying & Storage - Always have a wood cutting hatchet ready. You can bring this wood chopping axe anywhere you go because they’re lightweight and come with a protection guard and lock.


What is a splitting axe?

A splitting axe is a type of axe specifically designed for splitting logs or chopping wood along the grain. It typically has a broader and heavier head compared to other types of axes, allowing for more force and power when striking the wood. The head of a splitting axe is usually wedge-shaped, with a wide and sharp edge that helps to split the wood more effectively. The handle of a splitting axe is longer and often made of wood or fiberglass, providing leverage and allowing for two-handed use. Splitting axes are commonly used for tasks such as firewood preparation, making kindling, or any other task that involves splitting wood.


Is it possible to sharpen a splitting axe?

Yes, it is possible to sharpen a splitting axe. However, it is important to note that sharpening an axe can be challenging without the proper tools and techniques. It is recommended to use a file or a grinder specifically designed for sharpening axes. Additionally, it is crucial to follow safety precautions such as wearing protective gloves and goggles while sharpening the axe. If you are unsure about sharpening the axe yourself, it is advisable to seek assistance from a professional or someone experienced in axe sharpening.


Can a splitting axe be used for felling trees?

Yes, a splitting axe can be used for felling trees, although it is not the ideal tool for the job. A splitting axe is designed specifically for splitting logs along the wood grain, with a wedge-shaped head that helps to separate the wood fibers. On the other hand, a felling axe has a narrower and pointed head, which is better suited for making precision cuts and removing branches while felling a tree. While a splitting axe can certainly be used to cut down a tree, it may require more effort and may not provide the same level of efficiency and control as a felling axe. It is always recommended to use the appropriate tool for the specific task to ensure safety and efficiency.


What are the different types of cutting edges found on splitting axes?

There are generally two types of cutting edges found on splitting axes:

  1. Wedge-shaped Edge: This is the most common type of cutting edge found on splitting axes. It is a thick, wedge-shaped blade that tapers down to a sharp edge. The wedge shape helps to split the wood fibers efficiently, making it easier to split logs. This type of edge is ideal for splitting large logs.
  2. Convex Edge: Some splitting axes feature a convex cutting edge. This type of edge curves outward, creating a rounded shape. The convex edge is designed to provide more control and stability during the splitting process. It allows the axe to sink into the wood gradually, reducing the chances of getting stuck. This type of edge is suitable for splitting smaller, more fibrous woods.


It is important to note that the cutting edge of a splitting axe should be regularly maintained and sharpened to ensure optimal performance and safety.

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